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Home  »  South India Travel  »  Tamilnadu  »  Festivals » Pongal
RR India
Tamilnadu Travel Guide

RR India

Pongal Festival

Venue : Throughout Tamil Nadu
Time : 14th January, every year.
Duration : Four days

About Pongal
Pongal is celebrated on the fourteenth of January every year according to the solar calendar. The Hindu temples are decorated and the atmosphere around the temples become exciting and happening. To mark the bountiful harvest, rice is cooked in new pots until they boil over. The rituals that are performed in the temple include the preparation of rice, the chanting of prayers and the offering of vegetables, sugar cane and spices to the gods. Devotees then intake the offerings to clear themselves of past sins.

Pongal also marks the end of the traditional farming season and provides farmers a break from their monotonous routine. It is the starting of a series of festivals to follow in a calendar year. In fact, four festivals are celebrated in Tamil Nadu for back-to-back days in that week. 'Bogi' is celebrated on January 13, 'Pongal' on Jan 14, 'Maattuppongal' on Jan 15, and 'Thiruvalluvar Day' on Jan 16.

On the first day of the festival, that is Bhogi, the old clothes and materials are thrown away and fired, marking the beginning of a new life. On the second day, Pongal, is celebrated by boiling fresh milk early in the morning and allowing it to boil over the vessel, a tradition that literally translates Pongal. People also prepare savories and sweets, visit each other's homes, and exchange greetings. The third day is the day of Mattu Pongal, on which day people offer thanks to the cows and buffaloes, as they are used to plough the lands. On the last day, Kanum Pongal is celebrated, when people go out to picnic.
Pongal celebration
Thus, the festival of Pongal is known as the harvest festival. The cutting of the harvested crop is strictly done in a particular time of the year and cannot be done before this time. Originally this festival was celebrated by farming community but today it is celebrated by all. In the south, all three days of Pongal are considered important. Cooccurring with Makara Sankranti and Lohri festivals of the north, it is also called Pongal Sankranti.

Major Tourists Attractions
Bull fights
The Jallikattu ( bull fight) is the traditional sport of courage, which is the favorite of the youth. The aim of the sport is to seize the reward, which is put in a cloth and tied to the horns of the bulls. Unlike in Spain the matador here does not kill the bull. Earlier the winners were chosen as grooms for village damsels.

With different rites and rituals and multi-colored celebrations, Pongal brings lots of happiness and joy in the family.

Rennaisance
Special Interest Tour Tiger Neighbouring Countries Beach Pushkar fair
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